Tag Archives: Ancient

Atum

 

God of Creation, Atum

Ancient Egyptian God Atum, also known as Atem or Tem, is one of the most important deities in Egyptian mythology.  Ancient Egyptians believed that Atum was the first god to exist on earth. Having created himself, Atum was considered to be the first god who, sitting on a mound, arose from primeval waters.  As the head of the Ennead, Atum held the title of “Lord of the Limits of the Sky”.

Atum is portrayed as both the creator and father to the king and was believed to lift the dead king from his pyramid to the stars. At some stage, he was combined with the Egyptian god Ra in order to form a combined deity Re-Atum.

Representation of Atum.

Atum is usually portrayed as a man wearing the either royal head-cloth (the Nemes) or wearing the dual white and red crown of the Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt.  Atum also carries a tall cross which is the symbol of eternal life. Atum is sometimes shown as a serpent and occasionally as a lion, mongoose, lizard, bull, or ape.

Anat

Ancient Egyptian Goddess Anat (also known as  Anant, Anit, Anti, Anthat, and Antit) was known as the goddess of war and was believed to protect the king in battle. Anat is a Syrian goddess introduced to Egypt by Rameses II. Anat first appeared in Egypt in the 16th dynasty during the Hyksos period along with other Semitic deities. Originated in Syria-Palestine as a deity of the Canaanites and Phoenicians, Anat is an example of Egyptian acceptance of foreign deities into their pantheon of gods. Anat is known to be the sister of Baal.

Representation of Anat

Anat was often depicted as a woman seated on a throne holding a lance in one hand and a shield in the other. She also wore a tall crown surmounted by feathers.

Aker

In Egyptian Mythology, Egyptian God Aker/Akar ( also known as Akeru, Akerui meaning “two Akers” ), was one of the earliest gods worshipped before any other known Egyptian gods on earth. Ancient Egyptian god Aker guarded the sunrise and sunset, and the passage of Egyptian God Ra’s solar boat on its daily journey across the sky.

Aker was depicted as two opposing sitting male lions, sometimes with human heads, facing away from each other. Between them was the sign of Akhet for the horizon showing the sun setting or rising in the mountains.

As the Egyptian believed that the morning and evening were guarded by Egyptian god Aker, twin statues of lions were sometimes placed at the doors of palaces and tomb. This was to guard their palaces and tombs from other evil spirits and other malevolent beings. These practices were later on adopted by the Romans and Greeks.

The Guard of the Underworld.

Ancient Egyptian mythologist believed that during the night, the sun exited the earth and journeyed through the tunnel that existed earth. Its entry through the tunnel caused the night, and its emergence brought the day once more. Each end of the tunnel was guarded by the lion god, and the two guards were called Akeru.

‘Yesterday’ and ‘Today’

In the later period of Egyptian theology, the two lions making up the Akeru were named Sef and Tuau respectively, which means ‘yesterday’ and ‘today’.

Amon

Egyptian God Amon

Egyptian God Amon ( also spelled as Ammon, Amen, Amoun ) was one of the most important diety in Egyptian Mythology. Egyptian God Amon was worshipped mainly in Thebes. The meaning of the name Amun was derived from the name Amoun which means “The Hidden One”. He is often called the “the hidden one” which shows an association with invisibility. Gradually, as god of air, he became associated with the breath of life which created the ba (egyptian soul) in Thebes.

At the height of Ancient Egyptian Civilization, he was considered as the “King of the Gods.” Egyptian God Amun was important throughout the Ancient Egyptian history. He became even more powerful when he was combined with the Ancient Egyptian Sun God Ra. Amun was then called Amun-Re.

Representation of Egyptian God Amun

The picture above shows an image of Egyptian God Amun. He was depicted as a man with ram head wearing an ostrich plumed hat while holding a sceptre.